1PICOT Literature ReviewStudent’s NameInstitutional AffiliationCourseProfessorDate
2IntroductionThe nursing profession is currently facing various crises, the most significant being theshortage in labor and mitigating the damaging impacts of nurse burnout. It is noteworthy that burnout refers to the extreme mental, physical, and emotional exhaustion resulting from high levels of stress and pressure. Emergency Department (ED) nurses face an extraordinary amount of stress and pressure due to the nature of their workplace environment (Orellana-Rios et al., 2017). Several studies have determined that ED nurses are frequently faced with moderate-to-high levels of burnout mainly due to the amount of work they do and the various situations that they face at work. In addition to the factors that are inherent to the nursing profession, ED nurses can also experience burnout from other stressors in their life, such as family and relationships (Kapoor, Morgan, & Siddique, 2018). Irrespective of the factors causing stress among ED nurses, several studies have concluded that meditation plays a majorrole in mitigating stress, increasing their productivity at the workplace, and improving patient and healthcare outcomes. Literature ReviewA study by Davies (2018) on the factors causing nurse burnout and the most adequate solutions to the continuing problem among nurses determined that using mindful meditation can help nurses to regain control of their personal lives and careers by reducing stress and other extraneous factors that cause burnout. While evaluating the impact of meditation on stressors resulting from fatigue among nurses, Hevezi (2016) concluded that employing meditation is an adequate remedy to improving psychological and physical health and reducing burnout and stress among healthcare professionals. Similar results were obtained by (Smith, 2017) while studying how meditation helps nurses to reduce stress, cope with their work, and enhance their effectiveness in care delivery and improving patient outcomes. It wasconcluded that work-related stressors, such as caring for patients with poor outcomes,
3pressure to make decisions quickly, high workloads, patient trauma and suffering, and long working hours, result in nurse burnout. However, practicing meditation could help in minimizing burnout, reducing stress, and increasing self-care and self-compassion among ED nurses. Blum (2018) investigated how nurses could practice self-care to improve the quality oftheir lives and enhance productivity at the workplace. In the study, it was determined that feeling detached and disengaged from work are the early warning signs of nurse burnout and should be addressed with good self-care, failure to which one could fall into depression, feeling hopeless, and becoming cynical. The study also concluded that meditation can help nurses to pay attention and focus on their duties. Kapoor, Morgan, and Siddique (2018) examined how meditation affected the behavior and attitudes of nurses and doctors in ICU.