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all_notes_with_my_input - The Seven Years' War and the rise...

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The Seven Years’ War and the rise of the New Empire 26/09/2006 12:21:00 US History 2055 Europe, Africa, and America I. Background to European Expansion A. Three important influences B. Portuguese explorations C. Columbus, Admiral of the Ocean Sea II. The Spanish Empire A. Explorers B. Conquistadors and treasure galleons C. Price revolution of the 16 th century III. France, England, and Holland in North America A. France B. England and Holland C. The Americans were not empty *European expansion of the late 15 th century -3 important influences: 1. The “Little Ice Age” – period of cooling, after a period of warming -warming period until 1200 that caused more vegetation & growth in population -1200 the cooling rapidly declines. Shortens the growing period. Now there is a larger population, but not enough vegetation to accommodate everyone -this weakens the European population 2. The “Crusades”- drained the strongest men -happened b/c of religious reasons. It involved Europe, Africa, and Asia. -strongest men in Europe called to seek out “the Holy land” -When men return from crusades they have new ideas. Merchants accommodate new ideas by bringing in imports. This causes merchants to become rich 3. Black Death- 1347- caused European population to decrease drastically (b/t 30-50%) -Europe not only lost people to the Black Death, but their resources dwindled. -Health was affected: longevity decreased and birthrate fell. Nutrition was low. -started in Caffa, a commercial economy established by merchants, lies on the peninsula of the black sea. -100,000 people, coming from Asia (artists and craftsmen and families who migrated with the Mongols) seeking new land, take over Caffa. They carry the plague. They were trying to escape the epidemic. Dead can still infect living.
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-The rats that came with the people carried fleas that would bite people, spreading -People couldn’t get past Caffa defenses so they catapulted dead plagued bodies -wealthy trying to escape Caffa on ships sent to seek aid. People begin dying on ship. Stop in Italy, but refused permission to dock. Sailors jump into water. -Plague takes over Sicily. -Within 3 yrs all of Europe is infected, By 1350, a large majority of Europe was devastated and infected to plague. About one hundred years after the disease hit, it finally left. Most of the damage done however was in a matter of the principal. The plague essentially killed all at once and when it died out no could figure out why. Portuguese Exploration -The use of wealth to ones benefit increased. The population in Europe was twice as wealthy as it had been thee hundreds years before. -The average European, after the plague, could afford more things like silk and other wants as opposed to just needs. Nothing stimulated anything like the monopoly of things. A monopolist can charge what ever the public would pay. -The first nation to make an effort was the Portuguese
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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all_notes_with_my_input - The Seven Years' War and the rise...

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