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wave the egg out of the ovaries to begin traveling through the fallopian tubes.
Uterus: womb hollow organ which holds a developing fetus
Endometrium: Inner membrane of the uterus; where the zygote is nourished
Perimetrium: Outer membrane of the uterus
Cervix: Tissue between uterus and vagina; tilted at 45 degree angle
Os: Opening from uterus to vagina in the cervix (allows menstrual fluids to exit, baby to be
delivered, and sperm to enter)
Vaginal lining: Inner lining of the vaginal wall
4 *Transudation during sexual arousal, blood pressure builds up and pushes on
mucosal lining of vagina the blood gets filtered out through this layer and albumin proteins enter
the vagina. It is NOT a lubricating fluid that is released by vaginal glands vagina has no glands.
Labia majora: Outer lips surrounding the vagina; what forms the scrotal sack
Labia minora: Smaller inner lips of the vagina; what forms the penile shaft
Clitoris: what is head of penis on the male; a highly sensitive area with a concentration of A LOT
of nerve endings that engorges with blood during arousal. This includes the crura, glans and
shaft. Function is sexual pleasure
Mons pubis: Pubic mound; nerve endings can make this spot very pleasurable. A mound of fat
Hymen: Tissue across the inside of the vagina, bad measure of if someone is a virgin or not.
Can break due to exercise, tampons, birth or masturbation (most common reason), etc.
Estrogen: Controls sexual gene expression; forms boobs; involved in menstruation cycle; etc.
Progesterone: Heavily involved in the female menstrual cycle, produced by corpus luteum and
builds up the endometrial layer
HCG: Hormone made during pregnancy, created by the growing placenta keeps corpus luteum
FSH: Regulates the development, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of
the body. Released by pituitary gland and causes estrogen release and development of mature
LH: Triggers ovulation (release of egg from the follicle into Fallopian tube) due to maturation of
follicle. It also triggers formation of corpus luteum from the remaining follicle.
Corpus Luteum: Involved in the production of progesterone (which allows the endometrium lining
to thicken to prepare for implantation); yellow body that surround the follicle. If the egg is not
implanted, corpus luteum disintegrates. Progesterone decreases, endometrial lining sheds, and
a period occurs.
Pituitary gland: Endocrine gland near the base of the brain, secretes hormones related to
homeostasis including FSH and LH for menstruation cycle.
Adrenal gland: Endocrine gland located near the kidneys, secretes hormones usually in
response to stress
5 Oxytocin: Plays roles in sexual reproduction. helps make contractions in childbirth. Releases in
large amounts after distension of the cervix and uterus during labor, birth, maternal bonding, and,
after stimulation of the nipples, breastfeeding, etc. Helps with sexual arousal, bonding, mate...
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- Spring '08