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compiled_exam_ii - History 2055 US to 1865 Tuesday October...

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History 2055 US to 1865 Tuesday October 10, 2006 The Early National State I. The Articles of Confederation A) drafting, adoption, and ratification B) provisions C) perceived strengths and weaknesses II. Campaign for a new framework of government A) Alexandria and Mt. Vernon Conference, 1785 B) Annapolis Conference, 1786 C) depression and Shays’ Rebellion, 1786 III. The Constitution of the United States, 1787-89 A) the delegates B) competing plans and compromise C) adoption (1787) and ratification (1789) Definition of a revolution- the same tune played by the British at their surrender- “the world turned upside down.” Not really sure what the war was about at the end; it was a war for national self- determination, now what? The question became, not whom shall rule (brit or Amer), but whom will rule at home. In which class will power be vested. 2 men -George Washington -A composite- a farmer outside Boston who in 1775 helped with the Siege of Boston; in May when Washington showed up to take command by authorization of the continental army. This person signed up for 3 years as a private in the Continental Army of the United Colonies (these are only the united colonies). In army from 1775-1883. So about 1/3 of his life spent in uniform. George Washington Upon seeing the thousands ringing Boston he is disgusted; the folk are electing their own officers, calling them by first names, etc. (friends don’t order friends to death). Decidely
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unmilitary; camps reeked of waste. And he was supposed to make this into an army to destroy the largest empire since Rome. So brought in drill masters, etc. Some were surprised that army was not a continuation of the militia; decided, oops, that was an error to sign up with the army. Washington believes that by example and rigid discipline you can lead them; low opinion of all but the VA troops. Also goes into war believing that human society is a strict hierarchy. At top were those bred and fit to rule (like Washington). At bottom is the broad mass of base humanity. Those in the middle, had circumstances been different, may have ended up in either. His view is associated with The Great Chain of Being . You are the person your father was, they are who their parents were, etc, reaching back into infinity. A caste rather than a class system, and not subject to change with vertical movement (horizontal is okay). In VA he is one of the largest slave holders believing in its morality and necessity; it will Christianize and civilize them. One of the wealthiest planters. -This is how Washington enters the war. Comes out of war with a higher regard for troops. No longer believes in the Great Chain of Being; has seen men enter the war as privates emerge as majors. Seen the New England troops turned from scum into first class soldiers. Though kept slaves, he provided in his will for their emancipation. Jefferson and Madison didn’t do this. Even though meant impoverishing his family- like all planters he was heavily in debt. Now
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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compiled_exam_ii - History 2055 US to 1865 Tuesday October...

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