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Wolbachia lab

Wolbachia lab - Golnaz Samimifar UCBX General Biology II...

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Golnaz’Samimifar ’ UCBX’General’Biology’II’Lab Professor’Walsh ’ April’17 th ’&’24 th ’2013 ’ Wolbachia: Discover the Microbes Within Introduction :’ Symbiosis’refers’to’the’interactions’and’associations’between’organisms’ throughout’the’five’kingdoms.’Mutualism’is’a ’form’of’symbiosis’where’both’of’the’ organisms’involved’benefit’from’the’relationship.’Another’form’of’symbiosis,’ commensalism,’is’a’relationship’between’two’organisms’where’neither’party’is’benefitting’ nor’being’harmed.’Lastly,’ parasitism’is’a’symbiotic’r elationship’where’one’organism’is’ benefitting’while’the’other’is’being’harmed.’Wolbachia’is’a’symbiotic’relationship’that’is’ parasitic’towards’one’host’and’mutualistic’with’another.’In’arthropods,’Wolbachia’is’a’ endosymbiotic’parasite,’meaning’it’lives’ins ide’the’insect’and’nematode’cells.’It’is’ mutualist’when’inside’filarial’nematode’cells,’but’parasitic’when’within’the’reproductive’ cells’of’arthropod’species.’Wolbachia’can’be’transmitted’horizontally,’through’contact’with’ another’organism’or’the’environme nt,’or’it’can’be’transmitted’vertically’from’parent’to’ offspring’through’the’female±s’eggs.’ Since’Wolbachia’cannot’reproduce’outside’of’its’host’cell,’it’has’several’mechanisms’
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Wolbachia lab - Golnaz Samimifar UCBX General Biology II...

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