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W14 Music 160 Week 2 Lesson 1

W14 Music 160 Week 2 Lesson 1 - Slavery January13,2014...

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Star%ng to Approach the Legacy of Slavery January 13, 2014
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From Last Friday… Listened to “The Four Marys” (E‐reserves Unit 1) Watched part of documentary Awake, My Soul: The Story of the Sacred Harp (2007), Disc 1 On reserve at the Music Library Listening Center (Videodisc DVD 583)
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Turning to the arriving and musical thriving of African Americans For the most part, Arrived in America under different condi%ons than did many of their European counterparts Also had a very different experience living in America Ques%on: What did African Americans do to make sense of their situa%on, to survive it, to resist their oppression, and to forge a new culture through music?
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Spirituals “Spiritual: Religious music of African Americans during slavery” (Burnim 2006: 51). What are called folk spirituals developed first (this is to dis%nguish from what are called arranged spirituals or concert spirituals)
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“Folk spiritual: The earliest form of indigenous a cappella religious music created by African Americans during slavery” (Burnim 2006: 52). Late 18 th century crea%on ( ibid ) Created by and for black people Prominent from late 18 th century through Civil War era (U.S. Civil War, 1861‐1865)
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Ring Shout “A form of folk spiritual which incorporates highly stylized religious dance as par%cipants move in a counterclockwise circle” (Burnim 2006: 55). Also called a “shout” Earliest on record dates from 1845, though prac%ce predates that record (Floyd, Jr. 2002: 50) Photo from c. 1930
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Have evidence of ring shouts performed in the South and in the North Emerged as a form of Chris%an worship or ritual strongly influenced by African approaches But also became something African‐ American Photo from c. 1930
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