food security- more then a determinant of health

A total of 1800 new food banks ly so in developed

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Unformatted text preview: school hungry without oping countries, and it is not obviousterms, ranking first in the United them. A total of 1,800 new food banks ly so in developed countries. Second, Nations’ Human Development Index opened between 1997 and 2002. These in developing countries, food needs between 1997 and 2000. Nonetheless, initiatives and others have failed to are a priority—they must be for both the nineties were marked by a period of eliminate or even significantly reduce short-term and long-term survival. In fundamental restructuring of Canadian hunger and food insecurity despite a developed countries the food budget is social programs. Successive federal and high level of public activity, awareness the most elastic, i.e. the most discreprovincial governments cutbacks on and sympathy for those who do not tionary of all essential expenditures. social program spending, especially have enough to eat. Shelter needs come first. Third, in welfare services and employment insurThe 1995 US Current Population developing countries we are seeing ance, reduced corporate taxes, impleStudy reported food insecurity in 17 rapid increases in obesity and chronic mented the Goods and Services and A POLICY OPTIONS MARCH 2003 47 Lynn McIntyre percent of households with incomes less than 50 percent of the poverty level. Child hunger rates in the US, calculated through the Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project, revealed that 8 percent of children under the age of 12 experienced hunger. While there is a growing body of literature on household food security in the United States, social, political, cultural, economic and geographic differences between Canada and the US mean that it is simplistic to extrapolate US findings to Canadian settings. Literature on food insecurity in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia is sparse. screening questions for food insecurity. Recent results revealed food insecurity among 10.2 percent of Canadian households, representing 3 million people. In the same NPHS analysis, the most severely food insecure, termed the ‘food poor’, represented 4.1 percent of households, and 4.9 percent of children, or 338,000. In March 2002, the Canadian Association of Food Banks reported that its annual count of emergency food program users for the month was 747,665, or 2.4 percent of the total Canadian population—double the 1989 figure; 41 percent of the food bank users, or 305,000, were children S the 1998/99 NPHS—experienced at least a compromised diet; 10% of these households or 678,000 were children (see table 1). The socio-demographic characteristics of hungry families are similar from study to study. According to the 1994 NLSCY, families headed by single mothers were eight times more likely to report their children were hungry compared with other families. Children from families receiving welfare or social assistance income were thirtee...
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