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Unformatted text preview: d by 23 percent of mothers over
was a four-fold risk of hunger when
hunger, defined as hunger experithe month of the study. Child hunger
the mother reported that her health
enced at least every few months.
was very similar to maternal hunger
was fair or poor. When the family was
Among the frequently hungry, hunger
over the study period.
led by a lone parent, the risk increased
most often occurred regularly at the
A conservative summary estimate
three-fold, and Aboriginal status
end of the month.
of the number of Canadians who are
increased the risk by 60 percent. We
The 1998-99 National Population
food insecure today is that 7.8%, or
also found that a higher total number
Health Survey (NPHS) included three
2.3 million households—according to W 48 OPTIONS POLITIQUES
MARS 2003 Food security: more than a determinant of health
of siblings in the household independently increased the risk of hunger by
In our regional study of lowincome lone mothers conducted in
Atlantic Canada, maternal hunger was
predicted by the mother’s age being
greater than 35 years, regardless of one-fifth sought food from charitable
sources, almost half reduced the quality of their foods, and about a quarter
skipped meals or ate less. For such a
complex social phenomenon, the
socio-demographic and behavioural
results from one food insecurity study
to another are remarkably similar.
Food bank use grossly underestimates the number of hungry families,
and food bank visitors are distinct
from other hungry families. From our
analysis of the 1996 NLSCY, the independent predictors of food bank use
were lone parenthood, higher number
of siblings in the household and
income from social assistance.
We also examined the dynamics of
hungry households. While persistent
hunger is a problem, hunger transitions
are also worthy of study. There were
358 families in the NLSCY cohort for
both 1994 and 1996 who ever reported
hunger. Only 23 percent of them
reported persistent hunger, i.e., hunger
in both time periods. Families with persistent hunger were remarkable for their
lack of any meaningful change in circumstance. But that does not mean that
these families were in some type of
equilibrium. They reported the highest
levels of family dysfunction.
There were many factors that
could tip a family into the hunger Tax Benefit(CTB), which has resulted in
higher social assistance incomes. At the
time of the study, the CTB was worth
about $120 per month per child.
The national surveys asked hungry families how they coped when
they had insufficient food. Similar to
the 1994 survey, among 1996 NLSCY We also examined the dynamics of hungry
households. While persistent hunger is a problem,
hunger transitions are also worthy of study. There
were 358 families i...
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- Fall '11