food security- more then a determinant of health

Child hunger the mother reported that her health

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Unformatted text preview: d by 23 percent of mothers over was a four-fold risk of hunger when hunger, defined as hunger experithe month of the study. Child hunger the mother reported that her health enced at least every few months. was very similar to maternal hunger was fair or poor. When the family was Among the frequently hungry, hunger over the study period. led by a lone parent, the risk increased most often occurred regularly at the A conservative summary estimate three-fold, and Aboriginal status end of the month. of the number of Canadians who are increased the risk by 60 percent. We The 1998-99 National Population food insecure today is that 7.8%, or also found that a higher total number Health Survey (NPHS) included three 2.3 million households—according to W 48 OPTIONS POLITIQUES MARS 2003 Food security: more than a determinant of health of siblings in the household independently increased the risk of hunger by 40 percent. In our regional study of lowincome lone mothers conducted in Atlantic Canada, maternal hunger was predicted by the mother’s age being greater than 35 years, regardless of one-fifth sought food from charitable sources, almost half reduced the quality of their foods, and about a quarter skipped meals or ate less. For such a complex social phenomenon, the socio-demographic and behavioural results from one food insecurity study to another are remarkably similar. Food bank use grossly underestimates the number of hungry families, and food bank visitors are distinct from other hungry families. From our analysis of the 1996 NLSCY, the independent predictors of food bank use were lone parenthood, higher number of siblings in the household and income from social assistance. We also examined the dynamics of hungry households. While persistent hunger is a problem, hunger transitions are also worthy of study. There were 358 families in the NLSCY cohort for both 1994 and 1996 who ever reported hunger. Only 23 percent of them reported persistent hunger, i.e., hunger in both time periods. Families with persistent hunger were remarkable for their lack of any meaningful change in circumstance. But that does not mean that these families were in some type of equilibrium. They reported the highest levels of family dysfunction. There were many factors that could tip a family into the hunger Tax Benefit(CTB), which has resulted in higher social assistance incomes. At the time of the study, the CTB was worth about $120 per month per child. The national surveys asked hungry families how they coped when they had insufficient food. Similar to the 1994 survey, among 1996 NLSCY We also examined the dynamics of hungry households. While persistent hunger is a problem, hunger transitions are also worthy of study. There were 358 families i...
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