food security- more then a determinant of health

These are the people i studythose who are hungry and

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Unformatted text preview: , how they live, and how their undernourishment has come to be? These are the people I study—those who are hungry and food insecure in Canada. 46 OPTIONS POLITIQUES MARS 2003 It is important to have a balanced perspective with respect to hunger in developing and developed countries. Malnutrition is synonymous with hunger in developing countries. Malnutrition is defined as the failure to achieve nutrient requirements, which can impair physical and/or mental health. Also of concern are micronutrient deficiencies such as iron, iodine, and vitamin A. Developing countries measure malnutrition through anthropometric, or growth, indicators. Stunting or low height for age is arguably the best indicator of chronic malnutrition. Sometimes absolute poverty and low per capita energy consumption are cited as indirect measures of hunger in the developing world. Food insecurity is the term best used to define hunger in developed societies. Food insecurity is defined as “the inability to acquire or consume an adequate diet quality or sufficient quantity of food in socially acceptable ways, or Food security: more than a determinant of health disease associated with dietary preferHarmonized Sales taxes, aggressively the uncertainty that one will be able to ence change from even modest ecopromoted entrepreneurism, modified do so.” We know that hunger and food nomic development, while at the same labour legislation, privatized stateinsecurity is experienced differently at time gross malnutrition persists. In owned enterprises and restructured and the household and individual levels, North America, those with obesity and downsized government. Despite optifor example, children experience less chronic disease are often the poor, and mism about global growth having a net food insecurity than do their mothers. more often the hungry. In short, our positive impact on Canada, we saw the At its most severe stage, food insecurihungry are often fat. expansion of poverty throughout the ty is experienced as absolute food depcountry, falling real wages and a growrivation (i.e., individuals not eating at ing gap in incomes between the wealthall), which is equated with the classical very brief social history of food iest and the poorest segments of hunger of developing countries. We insecurity in Canada would read Canadians. As a result, Canada witcan measure food insecurity directly simply: Poverty increased then it deepnessed increasing levels of food insecuusing validated questionnaires. ened. Food insecurity emerged then it rity as one manifestation of growing Indirect measures, such as food bank increased in severity. While poverty is poverty and inequity. use, and adequacy of income, are also a longstanding ar...
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This document was uploaded on 02/19/2014 for the course FNP 100 at Ryerson.

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