food security- more then a determinant of health

E hunger in both time periods child age and was three

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Unformatted text preview: n the NLSCY cohort for both 1994 and 1996 who ever reported hunger. Only 23 percent of them reported persistent hunger, i.e., hunger in both time periods. child age, and was three times higher for Nova Scotia residents. An older mother was also the only predictor of child hunger, which was modestly but significantly increased by 10 percent. Both household and maternal food insecurity over the past month were significantly lower among New Brunswick residents—the risk was onethird and one-fifth, respectively. The main policy difference between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia that we could identify was that New Brunswick has not clawed back the National Child respondents, one-fifth reported that they cut down on the variety of food that the family usually ate when they had run out of food or money to buy food; one-third of hungry families reported that the parent skipped meals or ate less; and 5 percent reported that the child skipped meals or ate less. Seeking help from the food bank was reported by 35 percent, seeking help from relatives was reported by 31 percent and friends 29 percent. The NPHS analysis of all age groups found that among those reporting food insecurity, Table 1 Food Security and Insecurity in Canada, 1998-99 (in 000s and %) Food secure Food insecure Total Total Canadian population Adults Children (0-7) Anxious Compromised diet Food poor 26,458 (89.8) 3,015 (10.2) 2,360 (8.0) 2,290 (7.8) 1,211 (4.1) 20,470 (90.7) 2,098 (9.3) 1,655 (7.3) 1,612 (7.2) 873 (3.9) 5,988 (86.6) 924 (13.4) 705 (10.2) 678 (9.8) 338 (4.9) Source: Modified from Rainville & Brink’s 2001 Report of the National Population Health Survey 1998-99. POLICY OPTIONS MARCH 2003 49 Lynn McIntyre between income and food insecurity and hunger raise concern about falling real wages in Canadian society, and especially about the stagnation and decline in the real minimum wage in all the provinces. Between 1976 and 1995, for example, the minimum wage fell by more than 25 percent in eight of the country’s ten provinces. In our 1996 study, 63 percent of hungry households received employment income over the year, and this was the main source of income for 54 percent of hungry households. The situation was equally bleak for recipients of social assisGetting out of hunger tance or welfare; 42 percent of depended upon one change families who reported hunger in only—mother gets a full-time 1996 received social assistance or job, and the family’s income welfare as their main source of income; and among the frequently rises accordingly. hungry, social assistance was the main source of income in 61 percent. The National Anti-Poverty families by hunger state. Total family Organization report entitled Poverty income needed to increase by $3,827 and the Canadian Welfare State: A Report in order for a family to leave the Card, outlines the erosion of the hunger state, but a loss of only $2,690 Canadian welfare state between 1990 could tip a family into hunger, indicatand 1996,...
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