ANTH240-Nov1

ANTH240-Nov1 - ANTH240-Nov1 Domesticated Animals...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTH240-Nov1 Domesticated Animals -Archaeological Record -animal outside its natural range -morphological changes -abrupt increase of some species over others -age and sex ratios differ with wild animals -most sub-adult males culled (for food) -more females of breeding age -traits -adrenal gland reduction (tamer) -fatter -patchy colors -usually wouldn’t see in the wild, because traits wouldn’t have helped them survive in the  wild -feral animals: once domesticated, now no longer -dogs were first animals domesticated, by hunter-gatherers, watchdogs -most animals bred for meat -later for skin/wool, milk -these traits were byproducts, not originally intended, too hard to select for  specifically Sheep/Goats -domesticated in Jordan valley -didn’t originate in Jordan valley, so they had to be domesticated -selective slaughtering process (many sub-adult male bones) -Ganj Derha (Iran): goats domesticated -oldest domesticated sheep and goats 10k years ago -southeast asia and greece Cattle -initially bred for meat -milk later -used for draft animals, oxen (castrated bulls) used later
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cereals -easy source of carbs -extremely easy to dry and store -grew in a wide variety of climates Jericho -earliest site of domestication -10,300-10,900 -domesticated wheat and barley -‘could-be’ example of oasis theory (built in an oasis)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

ANTH240-Nov1 - ANTH240-Nov1 Domesticated Animals...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online