ANTH240-Nov8 - ANTH240-Nov8 Increasing Cultural Complexity...

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ANTH240-Nov8 Increasing Cultural Complexity Groups : Residential and Nonresidential Residential people that live together in the same physical place and associate with each other (family) Corporate : don’t live together all the time, but meet together in one body at some point in time (villages  banding together to fight off attacker; submitting to rule of one gov’t) Nonresidential : share a common interest, don’t live in same physical area, and may not ever come together (men  and women, religious groups/sects, political parties, age groups) Some groups can fit into both categories (ethnic or kin groups) Groups can be subdivided (chiefdoms) Never act as a unified chiefdom, unless a certain cause arises (impending attack) Groups can crossover Be part of multiple groups, whose members are in different group subdivisions Evidence to find groups : Shared artifact styles Bio-archaeology (skeletons) : find relations, whether through kin groups or intermarrying Status : age, wealth, education ( social persona : culmination of all status)  -More of an oversimplification of the past, but useful for identifying society people lived in - 2 main ways social status assigned : 1-Ascribed : born into by virtue of parents 2-Achieved : what is acquired through actions in life -status you have determines society you live in: - 3 types of societies based on status 1- Egalitarian : everyone has relatively equal access to resources and power -include bands and tribes - bands : 15-40 people, nomadic find plants and animals, don’t use money in economy,  solely based on exchange
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- tribes : groups larger than bands in population, still egalitarian, usually subsistence  farmers, usually have nominal leader (male) who act to redistribute food and oversee ritual ceremonial work, but have 
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 240 taught by Professor Chisholm during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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ANTH240-Nov8 - ANTH240-Nov8 Increasing Cultural Complexity...

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