monfils 418_Jan 23 2014

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Unformatted text preview: ;
Miltenberger,
1988

 Probe
test
to
examine
what
children
would
do
in
 a
poten$al
abduc$on
situa$on
 Poche,
Yoder,
&
Miltenberger,
1988

 Test
analysis
 •  For
purposes
of
data
analysis,
a
score
of
zero
 was
given
if
a
child
went
with
the
abductor,
a
 score
of
one
if
the
child
stayed
nearby
with
no
 refusal,
a
score
of
two
if
the
child
stayed
 nearby
but
verbally
refused,
a
score
of
three
if
 the
child
ran
away
with
no
refusal,
and
a
score
 of
four
if
the
child
ran
away
and
verbally
 refused.
 Poche,
Yoder,
&
Miltenberger,
1988

 Example

 •  2
experimenters
decide
to
split
the
task
of
scoring
the
data
 •  One
of
the
experimenter
scores
the
controls,
one
scores
 the
experimental
group
 •  The
mean
score
for
children
in
the
Control
Group
is
1.2
and
 the
mean
score
for
children
in
the
Experimental
Group
is
 3.4.

 •  Can
we
conclude
that
our
experimental
treatment
had
an
 effect?
 Selec$on
 • Individuals
possess
many
characteris$cs
(e.g.,
 sex,
height,
weight,
personality,
motor
 abili$es,
etc)
 •  Unequal
distribu$on
of
these
subject‐related
 characteris$cs
could
affect
a
study’s
outcome
 Abduc$on
experiment
example
 Mortality
...
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