ANTH240-Nov27

ANTH240-Nov27 - ANTH240-Nov27 Rise of Complex Society:...

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ANTH240-Nov27 Rise of Complex Society: China Complex Society in Egypt Origins of Agriculture 850)BC Pelligang Culture 7k-5kBC Yangshao Culture 5k-3.9kBC Longshan Culture c.3kBC Dynastic China 1.9kBC Trajectory of Chinese Social Complexity: -spread of regional styles of ceramics and artifacts -appearance of burials showing inherited wealth -indicating social status -gradual development of towns and cities -specialized labor and administrative workplaces shown -defensive walls -agriculture established before urbanization, unlike other early societies -no irrigation agriculture contributing to complexity of state -rise in regional warfare -elaboration over time of architecture, writing and other arts and crafts -nationalized religion and ideology Yellow River and Tangtze River two main rivers supporting civilization in China Domestication of Rice -Rice possibly domesticated as early as 9.5kBC -Earliest known site is on Dongting Lake from 9.29kBC -Other solid dates come from around 7kBC at Pengtoushan and Xianrendong 8kBC Pigs domesticated, apricots, peaches, pears, millet, barley, rice cabbage, etc. Pelligang Culture: 7k-5kBC -fully established agricultural village w/ permanent farms growing millet and cabbages, and  raising pigs, dogs and chickens
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 240 taught by Professor Chisholm during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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ANTH240-Nov27 - ANTH240-Nov27 Rise of Complex Society:...

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