ANTH240-sept11 - 9/11 ANTH240 History of Archaeology pt 2...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
9/11 ANTH240 History of Archaeology pt. 2 Theories in Archaeological Thought I Theory: logical model explaining a subject in a simplified manner First model in archaeology: “three age technological model”; stone, bronze, iron Theories in arch. Thought Where did archaeologists get models in 19 th cent.? European arch. Got from history North American arch. Got from anthropology Native socities still living Apparently human occupation more recent, no long dead societies like china, Africa or india. Changes with discovery of Mayan and Andean culture Lacked a long written native historical tradition Paradigm: accepted canon of scientific practice, including laws, theory, applications, and instrumentation that provide a model for a particular coherent tradition of scientific research – Thomas Kuhn -1962- Structure of Scientific Revolution --prescience: no centralized doctrine to guide research --Normal Science: enlarge paradigm; researchers failure if not done --Revolutionary Science: anomalous results build up to ‘crisis’ refined into a new paradigm -1968 David Clarke said that archaeology was in a pre-paradigmatic or prescience state before the 1960s Classificatory-Descriptive Phase Advanced that lead up to first real development of archaeology? Geology- dating of the earth Biology- theory of evolution Anthropology- Archaeology(Artifact Collection)- Unilinear Theory of Cultural Evolution -influenced professional archaeologists transatlantically -popular and powerful due to simplicity -originated by Herbert spencer, lewis henry morgan, and Edward tylor -living societies have evolutionary path, like 3-age model --stone=savagery --bronze=barbarism --iron=civilization Classificatory-Historical phase (1914-1960) -logical response to ‘unilinear theory of cultural evolution?’ - a theory that uses a more particular approach to understanding human diversity -focus of period was on regional chronologicaldevelopment -period can be split into: --1914-1940: Culture History --1940-1960: Cultural Ecology and Historical Materialism 1914-1940 Culture History -Stratigraphic Excavation and Research Methodology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 240 taught by Professor Chisholm during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 4

ANTH240-sept11 - 9/11 ANTH240 History of Archaeology pt 2...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online