Philosophy Unit One ExamThe Aims of Education, Alfred North Whitehead:Culture is the activity of thought and receptiveness to beauty and humane feelingKids that go to school now are just going through the motionsThey memorize but do not learnThis is harmfulThe result of teaching small parts of a large number of subjects is the passive reception ofdisconnected ideasBoth men A.N. Whitehead and Paolo Freire disagree with the education system and how students are taught. It is as if both believe that students are basically wasting their time in a educational classroom. A.N. Whitehead believes that the solution to fixing the educational system is to "eradicate the fatal disconnection of subjects which kills the vitality of our modern curriculum." He goes on and says that there is no need for the subjects like Algebra, Science, History, Literature, and Language. Whitehead says that these classes have nothing that follows it and is never mastered. He also believed that there should be only one subject-matter for education, which would be "Life in all its manifestations." I agree with this becausewe as students are always loaded with different subjects and materials that we will never use, making it simply a waste of time.Paolo Freire however argues that students are just like "containers" in the classroom. Freire is saying that students have a cycle which happens in the educational classroom. This cycle is "receiving, filling and storing" the work that is given. The teacher only feeds the student the material and moves on, which then the student stays dormant and stores the information quietly. Freire points out mainly that the educational system is passive and the students are oppressed.Pedagogy of the Oppressed (excerpts), Paolo Freire:Believes students are simply containers where information is just dumped but not really learnedProhibits creativity Information is memorized______________________________________________________________________________The Trial and Death of Socrates, Plato:The nature of the relationship between Euthyphro and Socrates is mutual respect for each other because they met in court while facing legal matters. Euthyphro is in court for trial for the murder of his father and Socrates is there for impiety to god. The two discuss and share their opinions with each other, which they have different views. I think Socrates should have been understood in the Apology. He seems to be a wise and brave man that challenges others to think as he did with the court, even though he explained that he did not know much of how the court worked. He makes great points, basically revolving around him being accused of nothing. Socrates was honest with only
telling the truth and speaks against Meletus very passionately. Since he spoke confidently in his apology with wisdom and truth, I believe he should not have been found guilty.