Unformatted text preview: s of realism and idealism, or objectivism3
and Defining Ethics
Defining The objectivist-based definitions are all similar; they
are deontological definitions. The following are two
objectivist definitions of ethics:
objectivist The normative standards of conduct derived from the
philosophical and religious traditions of society.
philosophical The attempt to state and evaluate principles by which
ethical problems may be solved.
ethical The classical scholastic definition of ethics is similar.
Scholastic philosophers see ethics as the
philosophical science that directs or guides voluntary
human actions according to ultimate principles
discovered by human reason alone.
14 Defining Ethics
Defining According to this definition, ethics is the science that
relies on human reason (the human being's capacity
to use logic and make judgments related to
knowledge) to discover standards of conduct or
morality that apply to all human beings. Reason is one of the guiding principles of modern
philosophy. Thinkers such as Descartes, Hume, Kant,
Spinoza and Hegel all understood reason as one of
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- Fall '12
- Ethics , administrative ethics