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Unformatted text preview: person may experience any of the
following: Headaches, muscle aches
Nervous tick, finger tapping, toe tapping
Increased or decreased appetite
High blood pressure, tightness or pain in chest
Irritation, anger, hostility
Fear, panic, anxiety
Stomach pain, flutters, nausea
Cold, clammy hands
Pacing, restlessness Rapid heart rate
Loss of sex drive
Rash or acne Stress and Disease
Stress can affect both emotional and physical health. Chronic stress has been linked to high
blood pressure, hear disease, hormonal imbalances, reduced resistance to disease and emotional
disorders. Humans respond to stress by experiencing general adaptation syndrome. This
syndrome has three phases: the alarm phase, the resistance stage, and the exhaustion stage.
Assessment of Stress
Acute stress refers to a sudden or unexpected event, such as the loss of a loved one. Chronic
stress refers to stress experienced over time, such as that related to a job. Stress can be positive or
negative. Positive stress is called eustress, and occurs when you are anticipating a happy event,
such as a wedding. This type of stress results in improved performance. Negative stress usually
causes a decrease in performance.
Individuals bring stress upon themselves, and their personality types are indicative of this
behavior. Type A behavior characterizes an aggressive, ambition, overly competitive individual.
These people often set their own goals are self-motivated, t...
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This document was uploaded on 02/19/2014 for the course HKR 1000 at Memorial University.
- Fall '08