Unit 8 - Unit 8 Stress Management and Modifying Unhealthy...

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Unit 8: Stress Management and Modifying Unhealthy Behavior (Text Ch. 10) After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss the terms stress and stressor Outline steps involved in stress management List several common relaxation techniques used to manage stress Provide an example of how behavior modification can be used to modify unhealthy behaviors Identify the most common types of accidents Outline steps to reduce your risk of accidents Definitions Stress:’ the mental, emotional and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening, or exciting. Stressor:’ stress-causing event. Eustress:’ positive stress; health and performance continue to improve, even as stress increases. General’adaptation’syndrome: a pattern of responses to stress that consist of an alarm stage, a resistance stage, and an exhaustion stage. Breathing’exercise:’ stress management technique where the individual concentrates on ‘breathing away’ the tension and inhaling fresh air to the entire body. Meditation: a method of relaxation that has been practiced for ages in an effort to produce relaxation and achieve inner peace. Visualization: a relaxation technique that uses appealing mental images to promote relaxation and reduce stress. Distress:’ negative stress; refers to unpleasant or harmful stress under which health and performance begin to decrease. Type’A:’ behavior pattern characteristic of a hard driving, over ambitious, aggressive, at times hostile, and overly competitive person. Type’B:’ behavior pattern characteristic of a calmed, casual, relaxed, easy-going individual. Type’C:’ behavior pattern of individuals who are just as highly stressed as the Type A, but do not seem to be at a higher risk for disease than Type B.
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Flight’or’Fight’Response:’ physiological response of the body to stress, which prepares the individual to take action by stimulating the vital defense system. Biofeedback:’ stress management technique; a process in which a person learns to reliable influence physiological responses.
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Unit 8 - Unit 8 Stress Management and Modifying Unhealthy...

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