Chapter 1 glossary 2docx.docx - Chapter 1 glossary Problem...

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Chapter 1 glossary Problem solving The process of identifying a difference between the actual and the desired state of affairs and then taking action to resolve the difference. Decision making The process of defining the problem, identifying the alternatives, determining the criteria, evaluating the alternatives, and choosing an alternative. Single-criterion decision problem A problem in which the objective is to find the “best” solution with respect to just one criterion. Multicriteria decision problem A problem that involves more than one criterion; the objective is to find the “best” solution, taking into account all the criteria. Decision The alternative selected. Model A representation of a real object or situation. Iconic model A physical replica, or representation, of a real object. Analog model Although physical in form, an analog model does not have a physical appearance similar to the real object or situation it represents.

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