Indigenous_Peoples_in_Mexico

Indigenous_Peoples_in_Mexico

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Unformatted text preview: tlahua was replaced by Cuauhtemoc. He was captured in 1521 as he tried to flee Tenochtitlán He was the last Aztec ruler. How and why were the Spanish able How and why were the Spanish able to win against the Mexicas? The Spanish were not considered Gods by the Mexicas. Spanish technology was more advanced and included items not used by the Aztecs: sailing ships, guns, crossbows, steel swords and lances, steel blades, horses, war dogs. Smallpox, typhus, measles, and other disease More reasons why the Spanish won More reasons why the Spanish won Instead of taking a defensive position, Montezuma initially allowed Cortes to enter Tenochtlitán. Later Cuauhtemoc also did not take on an aggressive posture. (Due to the way in which they fought wars, and the time of the year). The Spanish became allies of the Indigenous peoples that the Aztecs had colonized and used these “Indians” to fight against the Aztecs. More reasons why the Spanish won More reasons why the Spanish won The previous two reasons are related to the fundamental reason why the Spanish were able to win against the Aztecs: the structure of their empire How was the Aztec empire How was the Aztec empire structured? Advantages of the Aztec empire A relatively large tribute return Few administrative or control costs An expanded area of trade All achieved at the relatively low cost of mounting periodic military campaigns Disadvantages Disadvantages of the Aztec Empire’s structure The system relied on creating alliances of individuals, classes, and city­states, and thus its power fluctuat...
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This document was uploaded on 02/20/2014.

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