Ethics 2-1-08

Ethics 2-1-08 - Utilitarianism An action x is morally right...

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Utilitarianism An action x is morally right iff x creates more net happiness in the world than unhappiness. - Utilitarianism is a Consequentialist view in ethics - Consequentialist views are those that analyze moral properties in terms of certain consequences - For J.S. Mill, the main consequence is happiness What is happiness? - “happiness” is not a neutral term. - Mill takes happiness to be pleasure and unhappiness to be the privation of pleasure, or pain - Mill is a hedonist: pleasure and pain are only fundamental goods. Pleasure is the Ultimate end Mill warns about a common misconception that utility is opposed to pleasure. - For mill, the kind of utility he is talking about just is pleasure. The utilitarian may be calculating; but she is not cold and calculating - The misconception is still around today Jeremy Bentham on pleasure: - Bentham didn’t discriminate b/t types of pleasure - they were all pleasures, they just vary in intensity and duration - He thought it is in principle possible to come up with a calculus that would allow one to measure the (expected) outcomes of an action. The Swine Objection
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PHIL 37895 taught by Professor Chandler during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Ethics 2-1-08 - Utilitarianism An action x is morally right...

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