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Owlet frogmouths swifts crested swifts hummingbirds

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Unformatted text preview: ws, lories, cockatoos Hoatzin Turacos and plaintain-eaters Cuckoos Owls, barn-owls Nightjars, potoos, frogm ouths, Oilbird, owlet-frogmouths Swifts, crested swifts, hummingbirds Mousebirds Trogons, quetzals Kingfishers and allies: todies, motmots, bee-eaters, rollers, Courol , Hoopoe, woodhoopoes, hornbi lls Woodpeckers and allies: wrynecks, piculets,barbets, toucans, honeyguides, jacamars, puffbi rds Perching birds, songbirds, passerines Sphenisciformes • Spheniscidae (penguins) 17 species – Southern hemisphere, oceanic or coastal – Flightless – Upright posture – Stiff wings (can’t be folded next to body) – Palmate feet, all four toes face forward – Use wings for swimming (cruise at 1-3 mph, burst to 20mph) – Can stay submerged for 10 or more minutes – Dive to several hundred meters – Walk or hop on land, toboggan on ice – Nest in colonies (up to 5 million birds) – 1-2 altricial young (second usually does not survive) Galapagos penguin Emperor penguins Gaviiformes • Gaviidae (loons) 5 species – Long pointed bill – Palmate feet, reduced hallux – Legs far back on body, walk poorly on land – Eat fish and invertebrates – Solid bones Common loon Procellariiformes • Tube-nosed (top or side of bill), hooked-bill • Excellent sense of smell • Salt glands = tube noses • Palmate feet • Most are pelagic seabirds, often taking several years to mature • Large size variation (20 cm - 3.5 m wingspan) • Nest in burrows (small species) or on surface • Always one egg • Long incubation and nestling period • Adults feed chicks oily liquid (stored in stomach) Diomedeidae (albatrosses) – 13 species – Large (68 - 135 cm, wingspan to 350 cm) – Tubes on sides of bill – Diet comprised largely of squid, some fish, refuse scooped from surface (albatrosses do not dive) – Mature at 8-12 years, live up to 60 years – Life-long pair bonds – Parental care up to 300 days Wandering albatross Laysan albatross Procellaridae (shearwater, fulmar, petrel) – 74 species – Medium-sized (26...
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