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Unformatted text preview: y right where review by the court is mandatory (very few cases), or 2. the discretionary writ of certiorari If four Justices vote to hear the case, a writ is granted. Chapter 3 Chapter U.S. Supreme Court The FINAL final court of appeal 9 Justices Majority controls—many 5/4 opinions SPECIAL COURTS SPECIAL • The U.S. Court of Federal Claims hears claims against the United States. • The U.S. Bankruptcy Courts hear and decide certain matters under the Federal Bankruptcy Code. • The U.S. Tax Court hears cases involving federal taxes. • The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reviews decisions of the Court of Federal Claims, the Patent and Trademark Office, patent cases decided by the U.S. District Courts, the U.S. Court of International Trade, the Merit Systems Protection Board and the U.S. Court of Veterans Appeals. State Courts State Small Claims/City Courts/ JP Courts District Courts Appellate Courts Supreme Court JURISDICTION JURISDICTION To resolve a lawsuit, a court must To have jurisdiction: the authority to hear and decide a given case. There are two kinds: There jurisdiction over the subject matter of jurisdiction the lawsuit and jurisdiction over the parties to a lawsuit. jurisdiction JURISDICTION JURISDICTION xclusive Federal Jurisdiction — over federal criminal prosecutions, maritime or seagoing law) bankruptcy, antitrust, patent, trad...
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