Ii growth and production of groundnuts pv vara prasad

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Unformatted text preview: ILS, PLANT GROWTH AND CROP PRODUCTION – Vol.II - Growth and Production of Groundnuts - P.V. Vara Prasad, Vijaya Gopal Kakani, Hari D. Upadhyaya In India the important groundnut growing states are Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. The crop is grown in all three seasons: rainy, post-rainy, and during summer months. It is mostly cultivated under rain fed conditions; only about 10-15% of the cropping area is irrigated. 3.2. Africa U SA NE M SC PL O E– C EO H AP LS TE S R S In Africa, groundnut is grown mainly in Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, Chad, Ghana, Congo, and Niger. In 2007, the total harvested area in Africa was 9.04 million ha with a total production of 8.7 million Mt. The average productivity in this region is 964 kg/ha, which is poor when compared to the US and other developed countries where it is close to 3500 kg/ha. Average productivity is 1720 kg/ha in Nigeria, 500 kg/ha in Sudan, and close to 700 kg/ha in Senegal. For a long time groundnut was the...
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