Unformatted text preview: ction comes from the semiarid
tropics (SAT). Roughly two-thirds of this is used for oil, making it one of the important
sources of vegetable oil, along that of soybean, sunflower and palm oil (see also: Growth
and Production of Soybeans and Growth and Production of Oil Palm).
3.1. Asia Asia has the largest area of groundnut cultivation in the world contributing to 67% of the
total production in 2007. India holds the largest acreage (6.7 million ha) followed by China
(4.7 million ha), Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan and Thailand. There has been an important
increase in harvested area in Asia in the last two decades, mainly in China, Hong Kong,
Japan, Korea and Taiwan.
More than 25% of the groundnut area harvested in the world is in India followed by 20%
in China. However, China is the largest producer of groundnut and accounts for 37% of
world production, followed by India with 22%. The average productivity of groundnut in
Asia is 1739 kg/ha. ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) SO...
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- Spring '14
- Peanut, SA NE, Vijaya Gopal Kakani, Vara Prasad, Hari D. Upadhyaya, P.V. Vara Prasad