Introduction for modern and industrialized

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Unformatted text preview: oduction For modern and industrialized horticulture, there is always a demand and necessity for new cultivars. Induced mutations have played an important role in the improvement of plants, and more than 3200 mutant cultivars have been developed through this approach (Pierre, 2012). Modern day plant breeding is based on creating variations followed by selection, evaluation, and multiplication of the desired genotypes. In a crop improvement program, plant breeders often combine several techniques in order to increase efficiency and reduce the time needed for the development of a new cultivar. Plant breeders combine tissue culture technique for rapid multiplication of regenerants, mutation induction to enhance variations, and molecular marker methods to detect the genetic variation (Ahloowalia and Maluszynski, 2001). Such a combination of techniques has been exploited for the creation of new and novel plant cultivars, particularly in vegetatively propagated species (Broertjes and Van Harten, 1988; Pinet-Leblay et al., 199...
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This document was uploaded on 02/23/2014.

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