Your boss is concerned that it wont work reliably

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Unformatted text preview: ch the generator rotates? 188 PROBLEM #6: TIME-VARYING MAGNETIC FIELDS You have been hired by a research team that is developing a method to electronically detect cancer in the lining of a patient's intestine. The patient swallows a small probe that gathers data as it works its way through the intestine. You plan to power the probe with a small pick-up coil of wire inside the probe, and an externally-generated timevarying magnetic field. Your boss is concerned that it won't work reliably because you can't control the angle dependence between the coil and the magnetic field. You have been asked to investigate the seriousness of this problem. You decide to calculate how the induced potential difference across the ends of a coil of wire depends on the angle between the time-varying magnetic field and the coil. From the expression, you make a graph of the maximum potential difference as a function of the angle. Instructions: Before lab, read the laboratory in its entirety as well as the required reading in the textbook. In your lab notebook, respond to the warm up questions and derive a specific prediction for the outcome of the lab. During lab, compare your warm up responses and prediction in your group. Then, work through the exploration, measurement, analysis, and conclusion sections in sequence, keeping a record of your findings in your lab notebook. It is often useful to use Excel to perform data analysis, rather than doing it by hand. Read: Tipler & Mosca Chapter 28.2 and Example 28.2 EQUIPMENT The small coil mounts to the base between the Helmholtz coils, as shown to the right. The Helmholtz coils are connected to a function generator. The small coil can be rotated by hand. DO NOT connect a power supply to the small coil or you will damage it. A function generator outputs an electrical current, which changes with time as a sine function. When the Helmholtz coils are connected to a function generator, an alternating current goes through the coils. Use only frequencies of less than 100 Hz. s m al l c oi l Hel mh ol z co i ls You will have a DMM, a compass, meterstick and a protractor is affixed to the induction coil. You will also have a voltage probe with the VoltageTimeLAB software. Read the sections The Magnetic Field Sensor (Hall Probe) & The Digital Multimeter in the Equipment appendix. Read the sections VoltageTimeLAB - MEASURING TIME-VARYING VOLTAGES and Measuring Constant Magnetic Field in the Software appendix. 189 TIME-VARYING MAGNETIC FIELDS – 1302Lab6Prob6 If equipment is missing or broken, submit a problem report by sending an email to labhelp@physics.umn.edu. Include the room number and brief description of the problem. WARM UP 1. Draw a picture of the equipment, labeling the direction of the magnetic field and the orientation of the small coil. Choose a coordinate system on the small coil. 2. Use Faraday’s Law to relate the changing magnetic flux (by the Helmholtz coils) through the induction coil to the potential difference across the ends of the coil of wire. 3. Draw a diagram showing only the small coil, a vector giving the direction of the magnetic field, and the area vector for the coil. Write an equation relating the magnetic flux through the small coil, when it is stationary and at some angle to the magnetic field, to the strength of the magnetic field. 4. Write an equation for the magnetic field produced by the current in the Helmholtz coils, assuming the current through the Helmholtz coils varies with time as a sine function. 5. Write an expression for the change in magnetic flux through the small coil. 6. Combine the expressions you have written to write an expression for the timevarying potential difference across the ends of the small coil at some angle to the magnetic field. Use that result to write an expression for the maximum potential difference across the ends of the coil at any particular angle and graph the maximum potential difference vs. the angle. PREDICTION Calculate the potential difference across the pick-up coil, for a magnetic field changing with a known period, as a function of the angle the coil makes with the magnetic field. From this expression, make a graph of the maximum potential difference as a function of the angle. EXPLORATION Use the function generator to drive a low frequency AC current through the large parallel coils: Set the function generator to create a sinusoidal voltage. Set the frequency of the function generator to less than 100 Hertz. 190 TIME-VARYING MAGNETIC FIELDS – 1302Lab6Prob6 Use the output labeled LO on the function generator to drive the current through the coils. Set the amplitude of the function generator near its maximum. Connect the Helmholtz coils in series so that they carry the same current. Check to see which way the current is going in each coil. Does it matter? If you placed a compass in the magnetic field near the pick-up coil, what would you expect to see? Try it. Slowly increase the frequency of the current in the Helmholtz coils. What happens to the compass needl...
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This document was uploaded on 02/23/2014 for the course MANAGMENT 2201 at University of Michigan.

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