Anthropology+_+Its+Timeline (1)

A continuation of enlightenments universal

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Unformatted text preview: forced ideas of Victorian superiority by arguing that modern civilization had evolved from primitive cultures in the direction of progress. •  A continuation of Enlightenment’s universal historicism except cultural evolutionists focused on non-Western peoples. •  When cultural evolutionism fell out of favor in the early 20th century, diffusionism was there to take its place. American Cultural Anthropology (1920s) •  End of WWI, U.S. = a major world player •  Franz Boas: American Anthro posits the cultivation of a distinctively holistic, "four-field" approach to the study of human life •  Stressed the significance of historical change Key Ideas •  Cultural relativism, historical particularism, salvage ethnography, enculturation 7 2 2/13/12 •  Cultural relativism, historical particularism, salvage ethnography, enculturation 7 8 2 9 10 11 British Social Anthropology (1940s) •  WWII •  Structuralism, functionalism, structural-functionalism. •  British understanding of "soci...
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This document was uploaded on 02/21/2014 for the course ANTHRO 01:70:101 at Rutgers.

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