Anthropology+_+Its+Timeline (1)

Anthropology+_+Its+Timeline (1) - Anthropology 101 101:03...

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2/13/12 1 Anthropology 101 101:03 Where does anthropology come from? (continued) 101:04 How is it done? Prof. Magaña Spring 2012 Brief History of Sociocultural Anthropology: Major Paradigms & Perspectives 1700s - Universal History 1840s – Marxism 1860s - Classical/Unilineal Cult. Evolution 1920s - American Cultural Anthro. 1940s - British Social Anthro. 1950s - Cognitive Anthro. 1950s/60s - Cultural Neo-Evolutionism 1960s - French Structural Anthropology 1960s – Transactionalism 1970s - Cultural Materialism 1970s/80s - Symbolic & Interpretive Anthropology 1970s - Political Economy 1980s/90s - Feminist Anthropology 1980s/90s - Postmodernism Universal History (mid to late 1700s) • Enlightenment (circa 1700-1800) • A moment of great (European) expansion • “Laws" of human history • Progress • Perfectibility • Toward the end of the 18th century, these themes became slogans for social reform, then rallying cries for the French Revolution 1840s – Marxism • Industrial Revolution (1790s-1860s) • Core idea: dialectical materialism (Marx and Engels) –Materialism: the belief that human existence determines human consciousness (vs. idealism) 1 2 1 2 3 4
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