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Unformatted text preview: ety" vs. American understanding
– American anthros. understood culture to comprise
economic, social, political, and religious thoughts and
behavior, with both synchronic and diachronic dimensions.
– British anthros. focused more narrowly on the synchronic
study of society.
– Social structure was the matrix, or enclosing form, of society.
– Social function was the role that individual parts of society
played in maintaining the structural whole. The result of
proper social functioning was a social structure in
Malinowski: Ethnographic Research
• Brownislaw Malinowski (1884–1942)
• 1910 trip to New Guinea
• 1922: Argonauts of the Western Pacific
• Outlines Ethnographic fieldwork
Principles of the Ethnographic Method
(according to Malinowski)
• “The student must possess real scientific aims”
• “he ought to put himself in good conditions of work… [live]
right among the natives”
• “he has to apply a number of special methods to collecting,
manipulating, and fixing his evidence”
Ethnographic Research 3...
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