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Unformatted text preview: nd moves chemicals in the air to the organ Extremely movable jaw Green Anole
Rough Green Snake Scarlet Kingsnake Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Lizards
Lizards Extremely variable and diverse Many endemic species Legless Lizards Fivelined Skink Glass Lizards or Jointed Snakes Lizards have eyelids and ear holes that snakes do not
Slender Glass Lizard Fence Lizard Ground Skink Snakes
Snakes 37 species in North Carolina
6 venomous species Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake venomous Scarlet Kingsnake – nonvenomous Copperhead, Cottonmouth, Coral Snake, Timber Rattlesnake, Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake, and Pigmy Rattlesnake Most species are non
venomous Ringneck Snake – nonvenomous Black Rat Snake – nonvenomous All lack legs
Lack ear openings Snakes
Snakes Hear vibrations through the ground Shed their skin to grow
Either lay eggs or give birth to live young Black Racer Redbelly Watersnake Eastern Hognose Snake Ringneck Snake Coachwhip Snake Feeding
Snake Feeding Entirely carnivorous
Swallow prey whole Can eat prey much larger than themselves Some use venom to immobilize prey
Some constrict their prey
Some actively forage for prey
Some sit and wait for prey to approach them Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake eating a Cottontail Rabbit Scarlet Kingsnake eating a Green Anole Snake Defense Mechanisms
Snake Defense Mechanisms Crypsis: Staying camouflaged When detected: Flee, musk, gape, rattle When these do not work, snakes may strike This occurs only when a snake feels threatened and has no other option to protect itself Cottonmouth Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Eastern Hognose Snake Conservation
Conservation Many amphibians are in decline
32% of amphibians endangered versus 12% of birds or 23% of mammals
43% of amphibian populations are declining
Few populations are known to be increasing Grey Tree Frog Red Salamander Eastern Kingsnake Causes of Decline
Causes of Decline Habitat destruction
How many are human caused? What can you do?
What can you do? Enjoy finding and observing amphibians and reptiles
Don’t keep wild amphibians and reptiles as pets
Don’t kill snakes
Make sure you know a poisonous species looks like before handling snakes, and NEVER touch or threaten a poisonous snake
Don’t release any amphibian or reptile pet into the wild Questions?
Questions? Corn Snake...
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