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Praise & attention vs. blame & inattention Research: Do parents pressure children to fit traditional roles? Not so much
Rate is declining
Toy & game preference – the exception Sources of gender learning Social learning theory says
Parents are models Research: Children more likely to imitate same-sex model
Especially if model is reinforced But . . . Children’s sex-typed behavior doesn’t resemble adults’
More resembles their peers’ The Peer Group Children play in same-sex groups
Eleanor Maccoby’s research
research Girls’ & boys’ groups have different social rules
Boys’ - agentic
Girls’ - communal The Peer Group
The Peer Group How do they learn these rules?
Operant conditioning theory –
Operant Says different social rules provide different reinforcement contingencies for
boys’ vs. girls’ behavior
boys Social learning theory Says peer leaders model desirable behavior
Other children see them being reinforced and imitate them Limitations of learning theories Don’t account for children’s active role in learning
Or how children learn such complex behaviors & concepts
Androcentrism Social Cognitive Theories: Kohlberg’s Cognitive Developmental Theor...
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- Spring '08
- Social Learning Theory