China Lecture 1

ccp and pla were a new state and regime in the

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Unformatted text preview: ithin the party began to pass into the hands of Mao Zedong (1893–1976) BE FAMILIAR WITH THIS NAME - Mao believed that a Communist revolution could be won by building an army out of the peasant class. Mao and the CCP established their own independent Communist republic within China, but KMT attacks forced the CCP to flee westward in what was later called the Long March (1934– 1935) ! ! ! The Erosion of Central Authority: Civil War and Foreign Invasion - The Long March represented a setback for the CCP but strengthened the idea that the party should reorient itself toward the peasant majority - The CCP fostered positive relations with the peasantry during the Long March, which contrasted strongly with the more brutal policies of the KMT - The revolutionary ideology of the CCP and its call for equality drew all classes of Chinese to its ranks ! Dawn of a New Threat - In 1937, both the KMT and the CCP faced a new threat as Japan launched a full- scale invasion of the country after several years of incursions ! The Erosion of Central Authority: Civil War and Foreign Invasion - The two parties formed a united front, though they continued to battle each other even as they resisted the Japanese advance - The war weakened KMT power, which was based in the cities, but helped bolster the...
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This document was uploaded on 02/24/2014.

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