China Lecture 1

reform and opening after mao with maos death the

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Unformatted text preview: United States recognized (rather than the PRC) until 1979 - The new Communist regime faced the challenge of modernizing a country that was far behind the West and ravaged by years of war ! - Forming a close alliance with the Soviet Union, China began a process of modernization modeled after the Soviet experience under Joseph Stalin: 1. nationalization of industry ! 2. collectivization of agriculture ! 3. central planning ! - At the same time, the CCP ruthlessly repressed anyone viewed as hostile to the revolution, including landowners, KMT members and sympathizers, and others suspected of opposing the new order - Several million were killed ! Experimentation and Chaos under Mao - Within a few short years, China would diverge from the typical Soviet- style of Communist development - This resulted partly from growing tensions between the Soviet Union and China and partly from the particular ideological facets of Chinese communism that had developed in the wake of the Long March - In China, too, some liberalization took place. Mao’s Hundred Flowers Campaign of 1956 encouraged public criticism......
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This document was uploaded on 02/24/2014.

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