China Lecture 1

Ce power in the country was decentralized however and

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Unformatted text preview: n but also lacks the extreme geographic barriers, such as high mountains and deserts, that impede travel and migration - China was first unified as early as 221 b.c.e., and with political centralization the diverse cultures and languages of southern China were slowly absorbed into the larger Han identity ! Historical Development of the State - The paradox of China's political development is how a country with such an ancient civilization and such early political centralization could become such a weak state by the twentieth century, lacking both capacity and autonomy - The country's first political leaders can be traced to the Shang dynasty, which reigned from the eighteenth to the eleventh century b.c.e - Power in the country was decentralized, however, and wars between various rivals were commonplace - It was only much later, during the Qin dynasty (221–206 b.c.e.), that a single Chinese empire (and the name China) would emerge ! During this period, China first experienced: Political centralization, with the appointment of nonhereditary officials to govern provinces ! 1. Political centeralization, with the app pf nonheredita...
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