France Lecture 1

The jacobins ruthless leader robespierre became the

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Unformatted text preview: at all three houses should meet together as one assembly (allowing the commoners to prevail) •The king resisted (understandably), stirring the anger and protests of the commoners ! Vive La Revolution •In this revolutionary environment, rising bread prices in Paris prompted Parisians to storm the Bastille, the old Paris jailhouse, on July 14, 1789, launching the French Revolution. ! ! ! ! ! The Revolution, the Destruction of the Aristocracy, and the Extension of State Power The Third Estate established the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), now the lower house of the French parliament that body formed a new regime—a democratic republic —and issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen ! Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen… •Influenced by the French political thinkers Jean- Jacques Rousseau and Baron de Montesquieu and the example of the American Revolution •It was a powerful and influential statement on liberty that proclaimed the natural rights of the individual in opposition to the tyranny of monarchy Ends of the Revolution •The revolutionaries ended the ancien régime, with its hereditary and religious privileges •No longer should birth or cross determine justice, public office, or taxation. •In the new French republic, sovereignty was to rest with the people and their elected representatives • Church and state were to be separate •All male citizens could claim the natural and universal rights of both freedom and equality before the law. (No one above the law) •In addition, the revolution fostered popular nationalism as an expression of the natural right of the French nation- state to exist on terms established by its own citizens ! American vs. French Revolution •But unlike their American counterparts, who feared the tyranny of any centralized authority, French revolutionaries never questioned a powerful, centralized state, just who would control it. ! Reign of Terro...
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