Political Violence Lecture Outline

Political Violence Lecture Outline - PLSC 2013 Comparative...

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PLSC 2013: Comparative Politics 2 November 2012 Political Violence What Is Political Violence? •States’as’monopoly’of’violence’ •Shift’from’“private’war”’to’“public’war”’ •But’this’monopoly’is’never’perfect’ •Political’violence’is’that’outside’of’state’control’and’political’motivated’ •Blurry:’war,’crime,’domestic,’international’often’overlap Why Political Violence? Institutional explanations •Argument’that’institutions’are’central’in’shaping’political’violence’ •Political’institutions:’states’and’regimes’ •Economic’institutions:’capitalism’ •Social’institutions:’cultural,’religion’ •”Root’source”’for’violence Ideational explanations •Ideational:’having’to’do’with’ideas’ •Ideas’play’an’important’role’in’violence’ •Religious’beliefs’ •Nationalism’ •Radical’or’reactionary’attitudes Individual explanations •Emphasis’on’personal’motivations’ •Psychological’factors’that’may’lead’to’violence’ -Impact’of’humiliation’as’beliefs’may’be’marginalized’ -Violence’viewed’by’attackers’as’a’way’to’restore’meaning’to’their’lives’ •Rational’motivations’as’an’alternative’view’ ’- V i o l e n c e a s a s t r a t e g y , n o t a b e r r a n t b e h a v i o r Comparing These Approaches •Major’differences’in’how’they’view’free’will –Institutional:’deterministic ’ –Ideational:’less’so ’ –Individual:’stresses’freedom’of’action •Differences’in’universal’versus’particularistic’views’of’political’violence –Institutional:’emphasized’unique’conditions ’ –Ideational:’less’so’ –Individual’focuses:’on’universal’factors’shaping’motivations’to’violence •Some’combination’of’all’three’approaches’can’be’at’work’in’a’given’case’
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Forms of Political Violence •Revolution’ ’ •Terrorism’ •Terrorism’and’revolution:’means’and’ends’ (pic’of’Tamil’Tigers:’Sri’Lanka)’ Revolution
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Political Violence Lecture Outline - PLSC 2013 Comparative...

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