Political Violence Lecture Outline

Revolutions and violence must revolutions by violent

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Unformatted text preview: approaches can be at work in a given case ! ! Forms of Political Violence ! •Revolution •Terrorism •Terrorism and revolution: means and ends (pic of Tamil Tigers: Sri Lanka) ! Revolution •Term used in indiscriminate manner •Often with positive connotations for any major change •Here we deSine it as public seizure of the state in order to overturn the existing government and regime –Public involved –State seized –Regime overturned ! Revolutions and Violence •Must revolutions by violent? •Desire to seize state and overturn regime would seem to require violence •But nonviolent revolutions possible: - Change in Eastern Europe, 1989, Egypt, 2011 ! Causes of Revolution •What causes revolutions debated over time •Early scholarship tended to describe or emphasize bad leadership •Behavioral revolution focused on “relative deprivation” of populace •But critics argued that this was not supported by evidence •Also question of way changes without revolution in some cases •New approaches to revolutionary change in 1970s •Greater emphasis on institutions •Role and power of the state internationally and domestically seen as critical •Revolutionary leaders, people seen as less important than before •Critics changed that such views ignored role of individuals and ideas •Move back of late to a greater emphasis on - Ideas - Individuals and publics - How small shifts lead to paradigm shifts ! Effects of Revolutions •Revolutionary regimes institutionalize new forms... ! ! ! ! ! ! Terrorism •Term like revolution- - used indiscriminately, though with a negative connotation •DeSined as the use of violence by...
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