This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: f the
news or should try and alleviate the pain they witnessed.
The slips of the pen that could be spotted in the analysed materials
appeared when the journalists seemed to be carried away by their words,
so that logic and coherence were sacrificed for the lofty, metaphor- or
emotion- imbued wording, as when a bleeding wound is lanced (The
Times) or an unprecedented action is reminiscent of the past (Trybuna
Ludu). Sometimes the choice of words seemed to contradict the intention,
as was the case with the authors of the Tuesday rape and the euphemisms
used about the aim of the American air raids on Libya (both from Trybuna Ludu). I believe that these slips are a testimony to the time pressure
that the journalists have to face, as well as an indication that not all the
words used and published were carefully chosen to construct a predetermined representation of the world. Quite often the journalists may be falling prey to certain word patterns, which do not necessarily have to be the
best means of expressing their personal or their newspaper’s stance.
On a theoretical level, the analyses conducted in the present chapter unambiguously demonstrate that Conceptual Metaphor Theory can
provide a concise as well as in-depth comparative overview of the similarities and differences in the political culture and international perspectives of the media in various countries.
The main focus of the present chapter was the investigation of the
domain of WAR as a target of metaphors in press reports. At a theoretical
level, as presented in Chapter One, WAR could be seen within the force
dynamic model of Talmy as consisting of three elements: (1) the Agonist
and the Antagonist, (2) force tendency and (3) the balance of strengths between the interactants. However, the analyses presented above showed
that the major thrust of metaphorical representations was directed towards
the Participants of the conflict only. It took a form of the enemy vilification strategy. This strategy has a built-in dichotomy, which can be represented by an axiological axis with ‘the enemy’ occupying the negative
pole and ‘us’ occupying the positive pole. The identification of the enemy
seems vital for this type of discourse, as one nation was always represented in such negative terms, regardless of the fact whether the country
of the reporter took part in the conflict. A qualitative analysis of war news 193 The recurring metaphor referring to the concept of ‘war’ as a
whole rather than to its elements was the WAR IS A THEATRE metaphor
strengthening the Glory of the War Myth. The only other metaphor that
did not implicitly or explicitly focus on the participants of the conflict
was WAR IS A DISPUTE metaphor, which placed WAR in a complex network
with POLITICS and DIPLOMACY.
The analyses presented above seem to indicate that , at least within
the newspaper war reports, the constituent element of the WAR domain that
was targeted by conceptual metaphors most frequently and with a widest
variety of sources was the participant of the war, in particular the enemy....
View Full Document