All of these principles facilitate the achievement of

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Unformatted text preview: escription of the constitutive and governing principles of blending. The constitutive principles, or the structure of the mental spaces and the basic relations obtaining between them, do not differ much from what was proposed in Fauconnier (1997). The governing principles are a new development. They consist of The Topology Principle, The Pattern Completion Principle, The Integration Principle, The Maximization of Vital Relations Principle, The Intensification of Vital Relations Principle, The Web Principle, The Unpacking Principle, The Relevance Principle 16 Głaz’s open regions are an implementation of Langacker’s dynamic domains and correspond to frames, and other dynamic conceptual structures posited in cognitive linguistics. They are all, by definition, open to modification. 17 This paragraph is a slightly changed paragraph from my review of Głaz (2002) published in Linguistica Silesiana (2005). Conceptual metaphor and its implications for discourse 47 and a number of Principles for Compression (312-352). All of these principles facilitate the achievement of the overarching goal: Achieve Human Scale. This goal can be subdivided into several subgoals such as Compress what is diffuse, Obtain global insight, Strengthen vital relations, Come up with a story, Go from many to one. In the running of the blend, the principles and goals can cooperate or compete: Compression helps human scale, human scale helps getting a story, getting a story helps global insight, going from Many to One helps the blend achieve human scale. (…) Compression competes with topology, since topology is a pressure to preserve various distinctions and elements while compression works in the countervailing direction. Similarly, integration competes with unpacking since absolute integration leaves a blend that carries no sign of its distinctive inputs (Fauconnier – Turner 2002: 336). The authors (2002: 319) clearly state that this conception of cognitive processing is firmly based in experientialism: Cognition is embodied, and the spectacular intellectual feats that human beings perform depend upon being able to anchor the integration networks in blends at human scale, using the vital relations that are employed in perception and action. It also claims a neurological reality through connections, as indicated on page 40: In the neural interpretation of these cognitive processes, mental spaces are sets of activated neural assemblies, and the lines between elements correspond to coactivation-bindings of a certain kind. When it comes to the relationship between blending and conceptual metaphor, Fauconnier (1997: 168-171) shows that metaphors are just one type of cognitive processing, which involves blending. He formulates it in the following words: “blended spaces play a key role in metaphorical mappings” (Fauconnier 1997: 168) Grady et al. (1999) compare CMT and BT and identify the main differences between them, as (1) the number of input spaces in CMT is two and in BT is two or more, (2) CMT is directional and BT is not, (3) CMT analyses entrenched conceptualization, BT focuses...
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This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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