At the same time these metaphors often contribute to

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Unformatted text preview: on waging a war and winning it. Any appeal to alternative options is immediately construed as a dangerous dissention. His interpretation of WAR IS CRIME-FIGHTING is valuable, as he claims that this metaphor allows politicians to construe a world where one nation-state’s laws can be seen as superior to that of another, so that the superior states can legitimately enforce their vision of the world on other countries by means of war.20 The combination of two metaphors: ERADICATING TERRORISM IS WAR and WAR IS CRIME-FIGHTING, Underhill sees as a dangerous justification for the war in Iraq. He stresses that they blur the meaning of the words, so that they can be used without restriction in attempts to persuade the public opinion to support the war. It is difficult to determine, however, in view of the opinions of Hassner and Roxborough presented above and calling for a redefinition of the concept of war, whether this blurring is just a sinister effect of a rhetorical excess or if it results from the change in the nature of war. Critical metaphor analysis including the domain of war is represented by Charteris-Black (2004). He variously refers to this set of metaphors as military metaphors, war metaphors and conflict metaphors. He links them to the conceptual key LIFE IS A STRUGGLE FOR SURVIVAL, and outlines their discursive role in the following words: “the domain of conflict highlights the personal sacrifice and physical struggle that speakers claim are necessary to achieve social goals” (Charteris-Black 2004: 91). His analysis of the sub-corpora for The Sun and The Times clearly show 20 This image seems to be a distortion of the Bull’s and Waltz’s solutions to the problem of war discussed by Hassner and presented in Section 3 of this chapter. 108 Chapter III that conflict metaphors are far more frequent in the sports section than in any other section of these newspapers. He also points out that much of the conflict vocabulary underwent semantic bleaching, so that its expressivity is much reduced in the sport reports. At the same time these metaphors often contribute to the paragraph-internal and inter-paragraph cohesion. They usually appear in the first and second paragraph of the text, facilitating topic setting and frame construction (Charteris-Black 2004: 123). Further, a series of common features between sports and war is identified, such as control over the territory, physical and mental strength of the participants, team spirit, codification of rules of conduct, the use of technology, and newsworthiness. Charteris-Black relates these similarities to the theoretical concept suggested by Lakoff – Turner (1989), that of the GENERIC IS SPECIFIC metaphor (see Chapter One, Section 2.4.), by means of which elements of the generic level domain can be mapped on a large number of specific level metaphors. This idea is also akin to Fauconnier – Turner’s (2002, see Chapter One, Section 6) concept of generic space. It is also interesting to n...
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This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell.

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