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Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor

Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor - Contents Acknowledgements...

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Contents Acknowledgements .................................................................................. 5 Style conventions ..................................................................................... 7 Introduction ............................................................................................ 9 Chapter I. Conceptual metaphor and its implications for discourse .... 15 1. Introduction .................................................................................................. 15 2. Conceptual Metaphor Theory ...................................................................... 17 2.1. The early formulation .......................................................................... 17 2.2. Further development of CMT .............................................................. 19 2.3. The criticism of Conceptual Metaphor Theory .................................... 23 2.4. Generic metaphors and the Great Chain of Being ............................... 26 2.5. Metaphor from a functional perspective .............................................. 28 2.6. Linguistic and conceptual metaphor – a terminological problem ............................................................................................... 29 2.7. Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Discourse Analysis ....................... 32 2.8.The systemization of metaphors ........................................................... 36 3. Idealized Cognitive Models ......................................................................... 37 4. Image schemata ............................................................................................ 39 5. Force dynamics ............................................................................................ 41 6. Blending Theory .......................................................................................... 43 7. Axiological semantics .................................................................................. 49 8. A summary of the chapter and an outline for the analysis ........................... 50 Chapter II. Corpus linguistics and the language of mass media ......... 53 1. Introduction .................................................................................................. 53 2. The beginnings of language corpora ............................................................ 54 3. Word meaning and the corpus ..................................................................... 55 4. The language of the mass media, discourse analysis and metaphor ............ 66 5. Conclusion ................................................................................................... 73
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Contents 2 Chapter III. The concept of ‘war’ in the humanities ........................... 75 1. Introduction .................................................................................................. 75 2. Clausewitz and Jomini on war ..................................................................... 75 3. Philosophy and the concept of ‘war’ ............................................................ 78 4. Social studies and the concept of ‘war’ ....................................................... 85 5. Literature and war ....................................................................................... 91 6. War correspondents ..................................................................................... 98 7. Linguistics and war .................................................................................... 102 8. Summary of the chapter ............................................................................. 109 Chapter IV. A qualitative analysis of war news .................................. 111 1. Introduction ................................................................................................ 111 2. Analysis of data ......................................................................................... 112 2.1. Trybuna Ludu on the Falklands war (1982) ...................................... 112 2.1.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors ............................................... 113 2.1.2. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 114 2.1.3. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 120 2.2. The Times on the Falklands war (1982) ............................................ 122 2.2.1. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 123 2.2.2. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 134 2.3. Trybuna Ludu on the American air raids on Libya (1986) ................. 135 2.3.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors ................................................ 135 2.3.2. Isolated metaphors .................................................................... 139 2.3.3. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 145 2.4. Rzeczpospolita on the American air raids on Libya (1986) ............... 149 2.4.1. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 149 2.5. The Times on the American air raids on Libya (1986) ...................... 152 2.5.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors ............................................... 153 2.5.2. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 156 2.5.3. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 159 2.6. Trybuna Ludu on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) ....................................................................................... 160 2.6.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphor ................................................ 161 2.6.2. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 161 2.6.3. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 163 2.7. Rzeczpospolita on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) ....................................................................................... 163
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Contents 3 2.8. The Times on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) ....................................................................................... 165 2.8.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors ............................................... 165 2.8.2. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 166 2.8.3. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 169 2.9. Trybuna on the war on terror ............................................................. 177 2.9.1. Isolated metaphors ..................................................................... 177 2.9.2. Other rhetorical strategies .......................................................... 180 2.10. The Times on the war on terror ....................................................... 181 2.10.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors ............................................. 181 2.10.2. Isolated metaphors ................................................................... 183 3. A summary of the qualitative analysis of war reports ................................ 188 Chapter V. Words from the lexical field of war and their metaphoric potential. A corpus-based analysis ...................................................... 195 1. Introduction ................................................................................................ 195 2. The data ...................................................................................................... 198 3. The British National Corpus ...................................................................... 203 4. The Pragglejaz Procedure .......................................................................... 204 5. The analysis of concordance lines: Frequency of literal and metaphorical uses ........................................................................................................... 208 5.1. ATTACK ........................................................................................... 208 5.2. BOMB ................................................................................................ 210 5.3. CONFLICT ........................................................................................ 214 5.4. DEFEND ............................................................................................ 215 5.5. FIGHT ................................................................................................ 219 5.6. INVADE ............................................................................................ 222 5.7. SURRENDER .................................................................................... 225 6. Summary of the results and conclusion ..................................................... 227 Conclusion .......................................................................................... 231
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