Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor

Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor - Contents Acknowledgements...

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Contents Acknowledgements .................................................................................. 5 Style conventions ..................................................................................... 7 Introduction ............................................................................................ 9 Chapter I. Conceptual metaphor and its implications for discourse . ... 15 1. Introduction . ................................................................................................. 15 2. Conceptual Metaphor Theory . ..................................................................... 17 2.1. The early formulation . ......................................................................... 17 2.2. Further development of CMT . ............................................................. 19 2.3. The criticism of Conceptual Metaphor Theory . ................................... 23 2.4. Generic metaphors and the Great Chain of Being . .............................. 26 2.5. Metaphor from a functional perspective . ............................................. 28 2.6. Linguistic and conceptual metaphor – a terminological problem . .............................................................................................. 29 2.7. Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Discourse Analysis . ...................... 32 2.8.The systemization of metaphors . .......................................................... 36 3. Idealized Cognitive Models . ........................................................................ 37 4. Image schemata . ........................................................................................... 39 5. Force dynamics . ........................................................................................... 41 6. Blending Theory . ......................................................................................... 43 7. Axiological semantics . ................................................................................. 49 8. A summary of the chapter and an outline for the analysis . .......................... 50 Chapter II. Corpus linguistics and the language of mass media . ........ 53 1. Introduction . ................................................................................................. 53 2. The beginnings of language corpora . ........................................................... 54 3. Word meaning and the corpus . .................................................................... 55 4. The language of the mass media, discourse analysis and metaphor . ........... 66 5. Conclusion . .................................................................................................. 73
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Contents 2 Chapter III. The concept of ‘war’ in the humanities . .......................... 75 1. Introduction . ................................................................................................. 75 2. Clausewitz and Jomini on war . .................................................................... 75 3. Philosophy and the concept of ‘war’ . ........................................................... 78 4. Social studies and the concept of ‘war’ . ...................................................... 85 5. Literature and war . ...................................................................................... 91 6. War correspondents . .................................................................................... 98 7. Linguistics and war . ................................................................................... 102 8. Summary of the chapter . ............................................................................ 109 Chapter IV. A qualitative analysis of war news . ................................. 111 1. Introduction . ............................................................................................... 111 2. Analysis of data . ........................................................................................ 112 2.1. Trybuna Ludu on the Falklands war (1982) . ..................................... 112 2.1.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors . .............................................. 113 2.1.2. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 114 2.1.3. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 120 2.2. The Times on the Falklands war (1982) . ........................................... 122 2.2.1. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 123 2.2.2. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 134 2.3. Trybuna Ludu on the American air raids on Libya (1986) . ................ 135 2.3.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors . ............................................... 135 2.3.2. Isolated metaphors . ................................................................... 139 2.3.3. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 145 2.4. Rzeczpospolita on the American air raids on Libya (1986) . .............. 149 2.4.1. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 149 2.5. The Times on the American air raids on Libya (1986) . ..................... 152 2.5.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors . .............................................. 153 2.5.2. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 156 2.5.3. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 159 2.6. Trybuna Ludu on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) . ...................................................................................... 160 2.6.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphor . ............................................... 161 2.6.2. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 161 2.6.3. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 163 2.7. Rzeczpospolita on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) . ...................................................................................... 163
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Contents 3 2.8. The Times on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan (1988-1989) . ...................................................................................... 165 2.8.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors . .............................................. 165 2.8.2. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 166 2.8.3. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 169 2.9. Trybuna on the war on terror . ............................................................ 177 2.9.1. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................... 177 2.9.2. Other rhetorical strategies . ......................................................... 180 2.10. The Times on the war on terror . ...................................................... 181 2.10.1. Paragraph-structuring metaphors . ............................................ 181 2.10.2. Isolated metaphors . .................................................................. 183 3. A summary of the qualitative analysis of war reports . ............................... 188 Chapter V. Words from the lexical field of war and their metaphoric potential. A corpus-based analysis . ..................................................... 195 1. Introduction . ............................................................................................... 195 2. The data . ..................................................................................................... 198 3. The British National Corpus . ..................................................................... 203 4. The Pragglejaz Procedure . ......................................................................... 204 5. The analysis of concordance lines: Frequency of literal and metaphorical uses . .......................................................................................................... 208 5.1. ATTACK . .......................................................................................... 208 5.2. BOMB . ............................................................................................... 210 5.3. CONFLICT . ....................................................................................... 214 5.4. DEFEND . ........................................................................................... 215 5.5. FIGHT . ............................................................................................... 219 5.6. INVADE . ........................................................................................... 222 5.7. SURRENDER . ................................................................................... 225 6. Summary of the results and conclusion . .................................................... 227 Conclusion .......................................................................................... 231
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Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor - Contents Acknowledgements...

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