Hassner a contemporary philosopher and international

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: sts often see wars as sources of social change. Hassner, a contemporary philosopher and international relations expert, views war today as a dialectic conflict between bourgeois and barbarian, the conflict between Jominian idea of technological advantage and terrorism. Hassner believes that bourgeois is best represented by the American society and its war strategy, imbued with the human rights ideas, aimed at minimising self-losses, civilian losses and even the enemy losses. To achieve this aim they employ Rapid Decisive Operations strategy which is possible because of significant technological and information advantage. The barbarian, now equalled with the Muslim extremists, not having such an advantage, must turn to terrorism. Hassner also notices less spectacular exigencies of war, that is the necessity to trespass the taboo of taking another human life. The taboo creates an inherent conflict between the heroic myth of war and the necessity of killing other human beings resulting in the rhetoric of enemy vilification. The contemporary understanding of war is heavily influenced by its media representation. This book analyses the discursive strategies used in the press war reports cross culturally and across the time span of 20 years. The primary focus is on the role of conceptual metaphors in these discursive construals. Discourse analysis is understood in terms following van Dijk’s (1997) characterisation of the discipline as a field combining an analysis of the interplay between cognition, language and social interaction. Within this framework, discourse analysis may refer to either talk or text analysis and differs in this respect from de Beaugrande – Dressler’s (1981) distinction between the two. The present book concentrates on the written language, in particular on linguistic realisations of underlying conceptual metaphors in journalistic discourse. Language use is explained in terms of cognitive processes, i.e. conceptual metaphors. This language Introduction 10 use is also linked to its social function1 in the particular context of the discourse of war reports. A brief presentation of such context elements as a characteristics of the newspapers which provide the data; a description of the military institutions that the countries, in which these newspapers have been published, belong to; and an account of the participants of the conflicts are given below. The majority of the data for this conceptual-metaphor-informed discourse analysis of war reports come from two national newspapers: Polish Trybuna Ludu (Trybuna since 1990) and British The Times. The war reports from these two newspapers have been gathered in two small corpora.2 Both corpora consist of articles from the 1980s and from 2001. They have been compiled specifically for the present study. The size of The Times corpus is larger than that of Trybuna Ludu. According to Seymour-Ure (1996: 149),3 in 1983 The Times consisted of 28 pages while in 1992 of 47 pages. My own count of the pagination of 11 issues of April 1st –...
View Full Document

This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Ask a homework question - tutors are online