He compared conducting war to a game of cards

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Unformatted text preview: also lead to abstracting from the war reality, when armies are referred to as ‘forces’, and military action is rephrased as ‘the strengthening of sovereignty’. The type frequency of expressions motivated by the metaphorical mappings from JOURNEY as the Source Domain was similar to that of FORCE. However, the Source Domain of JOURNEY did not structure the concept of ‘war’ but that of ‘politics’.9 As the focus of the present study is ‘war’ and not ‘politics’, we will not regard it any further. The remaining sources for the structuring of the concept of ‘war’ in newspaper reports were less frequently represented by linguistic expressions. They were GAME (5 lexical types), BALANCE (5),10 NATURAL FORCE (3), GEOMETRY (3), RAPE (2), and DISEASE (1). They were evidenced by the following expressions: (23) szanse powodzenia ‘chances of success’, zagrać va banque ‘to play va banque’, USA prowadziły odwrotną zagrywkę ‘the USA played a different gambit’, posunięcie militarne (CHESS) ‘a military move’, przedłużanie gry na obu frontach ‘protracting the game on both fronts’ (24) BALANCE: przeważy u Brytyjczyków poczucie realizmu ‘the feeling of realism will dominate the British’ (przeważyć is morphologically related to ważyć = ‘to weigh’), wypowiedzi władz są ostrożniejsze i o wiele bardziej wyważone ‘the statements of the authorities are 9 WAR IS A GAME: Underhill (p.c.) drew my attention to the fact that POLITICS IS A JOURNEY seemed to be one of the most persistent images in the communist propaganda. See also Fabiszak (2007). Szwedek (p.c.) remarked that every process can be conceived in terms of a JOURNEY. 10 BALANCE, like FORCE, should be regarded as a scheme (see Johnson’s (1987) image schemata, Chapter One, Section 4) underlying the concept of conflict and the related concepts rather than as a domain which allows for rich mappings. A qualitative analysis of war news (25) (26) (27) (28) 119 more careful and balanced’, rozważać ‘to weigh, to consider’, przeważa pesymizm/stanowisko ‘pessimism/a position dominates’, Pani Thatcher balansuje na linie między przeżyciem a upadkiem ‘Mrs. Thatcher is balancing on a line between survival and fall’ WAR IS A NATURAL FORCE: fale nalotu ‘air raid waves’ (SEA), zaognienie sporu ‘lit. inflammation = aggravation of the conflict’ (FIRE), gorący etap ‘a hot phase’ (FIRE) WAR IS GEOMETRY: punkt oporu ‘point of resistance’, linia obrony ‘defence line’, skala konfliktu ‘the scale of conflict’ WAR IS A RAPE: pogwałcenie neutralności ‘violation of neutrality’ (in Polish expressed by a morphological derivate of ‘rape’, not a Latinised euphemism), gwałcić prawo międzynarodowe ‘to violate the international law’ WAR IS A DISEASE: gorączka wojenna ‘war fever’ The source domains of GAME and GEOMETRY were already represented in Clausewitz’s treaty on war. He compared conducting war to a game of cards, stressing that in both endeavours not only skill and assets (t...
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