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Unformatted text preview: eligiously loaded vocabulary,39 e. g. This is
not a war between Christianity or Judaism and Islam. This is a war between good and evil. Some journalists refer to terrorism as a snake, a
clear biblical reference to the Devil; they also talk about Campaign Objectives … described by one aide as a “policy bible” or the Prodigal son
[who] poses a crude threat to House of Saud. These failures to conform to
the self-proposed conceptualisation may be an indication of the dominating power of the conceptualisation by bin Laden and his supporters, who
clearly refer to the American soldiers of Satan, and freely use religious
analogies, as shown in (123):
(123) “The Devil is America, and the British Government,” said Abdullah
“It is Bush and Blair I blame for Muslims going to fight. They are
being provoked to do it by those two Great Satans.”
This conceptual, definitional problem is also pronounced in an article devoted to the meeting of British Muslim scholars in Birmingham. In the article, M. Faizul-Aqtab Siddiqi, president-general of the International Muslim Organisation, was explaining the meaning of jihad, and the difference
between jihad and qitaal. According to him jihad is a peaceful and lawabiding struggle against injustice, while qitaal is a rise against oppressors
which, however, can only be called for by leaders of state.
There are also references to other types of war conceptualisations in
the analysed texts, such as WAR IS A DISEASE and WAR IS A NIGHTMARE (see
the discussion of Janion and Wiśniewski in Chapter Three, Section 5).
(124) Without the UN, we can never have a just end to the Afghan nightmare
Historically, we know that the civil wars that have plagued Afghanistan tend to close down in the winter months.
These references, however, did not extend beyond one sentence and did not
seem to influence the representation of the war in larger stretches of text.
39 See also Charteris-Black (2004) who claims that
nant metaphor in American political discourse. POLITICS IS RELIGION is a domi- 188 Chapter IV The last element of the representation of war in the selected articles that needs to be mentioned are the historical analogies to World War
II and to the Spanish War. Just like in the Polish reporting, World War II
seems to be a pivot of our understanding and conceptualising of war as
such. When it comes to the Spanish War, though, it does not seem to occupy much space in Polish imagery or the mythic pantheon.
This section closes with a discussion of the discrepancy between
the self-conscious journalism and ornamental use of metaphorical
phrases. An entire article by Robert Oakley is devoted to the uncovering
of the news-making processes40 and discusses the tension created by the
requirements of 24 hour news coverage. It also points out that politicians
try to influence the representation of the government objectives in the
media, putting the journalists’ impartiality to test. The broadcasting of the
news practically world-wide places an additional strain on anchors and
media pundits to word their comments in a way acceptable to a wide
range of non-homogenous audiences, often identifying with the opposing
sides of the conflict. At the same time some use...
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