It is thus difficult to say if this is the most

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Unformatted text preview: eral and metaphorical senses in the table below. Table 2. The frequency of uses of different senses of the lemma BOMB considering its various morphological forms Word Literal bomb, base form of a lexical verb and the infinitive (117 hits)9 bombed, past tense and past participle (200 random hits out of 211) bombing, participle (91 hits) 108 military 5 ambiguous 2 fail 1 move fast 1 hit guitar strings 181 military 1 metonymy 3 ambiguous 7 fail 4 sport 2 move fast 2 be drunk 81 military Other 0 bomb, verb total (408 out of 419) 370 military 8 ambiguous 1 metonymy bomb, singular noun (random 200 out of 1877) 191 military 1 song name 2 ambiguous bombs, plural noun (random 200 out of 1104) 192 military 0 9 Metaphorical 8 move fast 1 move noisily 1 act fast (solving maths) 11 move fast 9 fail 4 sport 2 be drunk 1 move noisily 1 act fast 1 hit guitar strings 1 unexpected news 1 rapid increase (population bomb) 1 naughty children 1 went down a bomb 1 it cost them a bomb 1 two to the bomb 4 volcanic bombs 2 chords in guitar music 1 ideas 1 people in a relationship The number of the hits differs from that of the POS query result, because the grammatical category was tagged wrongly 11 times. Nouns were tagged as verbs. Words from the lexical field of war and their metaphoric potential 213 Word bomb/s, noun total (random 400 out of 2981) Literal 383 military Other 1 song 2 ambiguous bombing, singular noun (random 200 hits out of 746) bombings, plural noun (195 hits) bombing/s, noun total (395 random hits out of 941) bombarded, past tense and past participle (165 hits) 200 military 0 Metaphorical 4 volcanic bombs 2 chords in guitar music 1 rapid increase 1 unexpected news 1 naughty children 1 went down a bomb 1 cost a bomb 1 two to the bomb 1 idea 1 people in a relationship 0 195 military 0 0 395 military 0 0 33 military 4 physical attack 0 bombardment, noun (200 random hits out of 278) 151 2 ambiguous 105 abstract (questions, ideas) 13 physical particles (neutrons, rays) 7 natural forces (hail, snow) 3 sport 22 natural forces (18 from the same source) 14 physical particles 7 abstract 3 sport 1 sensory stimulation The lemma BOMB, because of its morphologically related nominal and verbal synonyms, is particularly interesting for lexical analyses. As for the noun bomb, in both the singular and the plural it was predominantly used literally, but had a small number of metaphorical extensions. Similarly to this noun the verb bomb had a small number of metaphorical extensions. All of the attested examples of the plural noun form bombings 214 Chapter V and a sample of a random 200 examples out of 746 of the singular form bombing were used in the literal military sense. There were no metaphorical extensions found. When it comes to the noun bombardment as many as 25% of the uses were metaphorical, while the verb bombard (only the past tense and past participle forms were attested in a significant number) was predominantly used metaphorically. These results, similarly to those obtained...
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This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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