Several phrases originating in the military lexical

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Unformatted text preview: ing in the Pamir Mountains, he is no easy prey. To be a good hawk has meant caution. It has meant exploiting the global shock after September 11 and translating it into an alliance capable of united action. It has meant pursuing accomplices, demonstrating vigilance and sometimes making strange friends. It has meant isolating and bringing pressure on those who harbour terrorists. Hawkism over the past three weeks has been the acceptable face of interventionism. 182 Chapter IV And the defeatists? They are not the apologists for the Taliban, an insignificant group. They are those whose reckless use of military power is so often counter-productive. They are the doves-in-khaki, the militarists who have kept Saddam Hussein and his regime secure by bombing his country each week. If we were to plot the occurrences of hawks and hovering over the prey, doves-in-khaki, no easy prey, as the phrases related to the dominant concept, we would receive a distribution which shows that the use of the word hawks and the related phrases cluster at the beginning of the article in order to set the frame of reference (Koller’s 2003 scene setting). In the body of the text the references are less frequent. In the final paragraph the phrase appears again as if to close the frame. The entire article is saturated with metaphorically used expressions, the motivation of which is not limited to the dominant source domain. In paragraphs 6 and 11 the Wild West Myth is activated through the use of such expressions as trigger-happy Bill Clinton and “dead or alive”. In paragraph 7 blitzkrieg triggers the associations with the Second World War. In Paragraph 13 hawks are contrasted with yet another metaphorical category, that of a slave to US militarism. Overall, the discourse structure is here based on a dominant conceptual metaphor POLITICIANS ARE HAWKS OR DOVES. Simon Jenkins, a prominent right-wing commentator, uses this metaphor, together with the other supporting metaphors to criticise the trigger-happy Clinton, for employing, what neoconservatives consider, half measures, i.e. for not being interventionist enough.38 The second article built around a conceptual metaphor is again a feature categorised as a cover story. It is an article “Counsel of war” by Christopher Andrew published on Oct. 4th 2001. It is based on the conceptual metaphor HISTORY IS A TEACHER and implies that we should not only learn from our own life experience, as all higher organisms do, but also from the past experience of other people. This assumption underlies the whole of our education system, and is so common that it hardly seems metaphorical. In the present article the author argues that intelligence information should not be disclosed to the public, as it weakens the intelligence system and serves the enemy. In doing so, he advocates that even though the Western societies are democratic, its citizens should rely on 38 Andreas Musolff (2006, p.c.) has pointed it out to me. A qualitative analysis of war news 183 the bett...
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This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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