Such an approach is evident in the frequent use of

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Unformatted text preview: er judgement of the national leaders, as keeping the public informed in detail about classified intelligence operations he considers counter-productive. To support his argument he draws a parallel with the functioning of Bletchley Park during the Second World War. The following expressions scattered in the text construct the HISTORY LESSON scene: (117) The lesson, obvious to all who worked at Bletchley Park, is to stop telling bin Laden anything about the intelligence operations against him. Sadly, there is no sign that the lesson has been learnt. Past experience suggests that this simple lesson will not be learnt easily. The time has come to relearn the lessons of Bletchley Park and the Ultra secret. The article starts as an informative review of two books about Bletchley Park, or perhaps a history essay about it. Only as late as in paragraph 12 (out of 40) is the conceptual metaphor activated. Similarly to the previous article, the image appears in the final sentence to provide a structural closure to the text. In the body of the text, other historical references are made to the Korean War, and to the Falklands War to provide further illustration of the argument. Ironically, information on the new intelligence technologies are provided by the editors in the following sections of the newspaper undermining the very argument put forward by Andrew. The same metaphor appears in a few other articles when, for example, the lesson of Somalia or the lesson of the Gulf War are mentioned. In these cases, however, its textual function is limited to one paragraph only. 2.10.2. Isolated metaphors Several phrases used in these articles can indicate the reliance on mappings between the WAR and the DISPUTE domains as shown in (118): (118) PRESIDENT Bush fired another warning shot across the bows of Iraq and Iran yesterday by naming America’s 22 most wanted terrorists, including men believed to be sheltering there. He got a real rocket, but the damage was done. 184 Chapter IV … poor Sir Michael was just one victim of the US Defence Secretary’s need to fire off a few tension-relieving rounds. These three examples draw on the WAR domain and employ multi-word expressions, some of them clearly idiomatic. I assume that because of their length they have better chances of invoking the concept of war than single word expressions bleached through overuse, such as attack. The word front seems to occupy the middle of the scale between easily activated metaphors and dead metaphors. It is variously modified to indicate whether military or non military action is referred to. A different front referred to the war propaganda, and humanitarian front to organizing refugee camps before the launching of air strikes in Afghanistan; there were also political and diplomatic fronts. The best example of the diversity of front is in the sentence below: (119) This military action is a part of our campaign against terrorism, another front in a war that has already been joined through diplomacy, intelligence, the freezing of financial assets and the arrests of known terrorists by law enforcement agents in 38 countr...
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