Fabiszak_M_Conceptual_Metaphor

The analysis of the rhetorical strategies used in the

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Unformatted text preview: political discourse of politicians as represented and mediated by the press. The analysis of the rhetorical strategies used in the war reports of the 1980s and 2001 is based on the newspapers mentioned before. This comparative study of political media discourse focuses on the linguistic representation of two conceptual patterns. One is the categorisation and the construal of the meaning of such concepts as war, politics and diplomacy. This is because ‘politics’ can both be a su- 14 Introduction perordinate term for ‘war’ and ‘diplomacy’, which in such a case may be considered antonymous, and ‘politics’ can be understood as a cohyponym of the other two, synonymous to ‘diplomacy’. This dual nature of the term, may and often does, increase the degree of ambiguity of the political texts. Another conceptual pattern coming to the fore in the analysis of war reports is the vilification of the enemy employing a range of linguistic strategies, which are uncovered in the analysis. This chapter then, concentrates on WAR as a target of metaphoric mappings within a particular discourse genre. The chronological presentation of the metaphorical discourse patterns in the Polish and British press was designed to show how much or, in fact, how little variation there was in these patterns over the span of 20 years and cross-culturally. In this way, Chapter Four reveals how stable the rhetorical patterns used in the construal of war in newspaper reports are. In the last part of the book, a number of lexemes identified in the British corpus analysed in Chapter Four are selected and used to query in the British National Corpus (BNC). Chapter Four is focussed on WAR as a target of metaphors within a specific type of discourse: media political discourse, while Chapter Five considers WAR as a source of metaphors and takes the entire BNC as its data source. The reason for this is that the conclusions drawn from this part of the study are meant to apply to language in general, not to any specific genre. The aim of the investigations is to test if the words commonly considered as indicators of the X IS WAR metaphor are indeed most frequently used in the domain of war when used non-metaphorically. The conclusions from this study are to be taken with caution and can perhaps serve as a starting point for further research as frequency is not tantamount to salience and it is salience, not sheer frequency, that determines the indicator status. It is assumed, nevertheless, that if a given word-form is more often used in a primary sense other then war, it may more frequently bring its status as an indicator of the X IS WAR metaphor into question. These considerations focus on just one element of WAR as source of metaphors, i.e. on a preliminary attempt at developing an identification procedure for lexical expressions, which can be considered as indicators of the X IS WAR metaphor. Chapter I Conceptual metaphor and its implications for discourse 1. Introduction Conceptual Metaphor Theory has develope...
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This essay was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course LING 1100 taught by Professor Friedman during the Fall '09 term at Cornell.

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